Written by Yolanda de Lange, Media Relations Manager, Southern African Association for Energy Efficiency (SAEE)
The release of the Regulation on the allowance for energy efficiency savings for public comment is delivering the currency which most organisations endeavour to capitalise on: Tax Money! It is set to rapidly increase the uptake of energy efficiency and is a key incentive to warrant energy efficiency economically viable.
Globally governments influence energy and climate change policy by introducing various incentives and programmes to encourage sustainable development of their economies. Locally the South African government has followed suit by corroborating its support of developing a greener economy. Governments around the world use taxation to either penalise the excessive use of energy, or encourage reduced energy demand by granting monetary incentives.
This article endeavours to explain the financial, technical and organisational support afforded by local government through the Income Tax Act of 1962 for energy efficiency tax incentives, and highlights the concurrent benefits of standardised energy efficiency practices. It concludes with recommendations for organisations wishing to claim these incentives, and individuals wishing to enter the career path of verifying energy savings for the purposes of these incentives.
In 2009, the then Minister of Finance, Trevor Manuel, announced that there would be tax incentives for companies that can demonstrate energy savings. This set the ball in motion to employ the Income Tax Act of 1962 to propel energy efficiency from a conscientious platform to develop the local green sector into a viable economic sector.
Augmented with the Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP2) for 2010/11 to 2012/13 which focuses on green, energy-saving industries and energy efficiency, an additional industrial energy efficiency framework is provided to counteract higher energy prices, lower current levels of emissions and create new goods and services markets. Electricity efficiency is also an integral component of government’s National Energy Efficiency Strategy.
2.Providing a platform to develop the green sector
To assist the growth of the local green sector the South African government has provided financial support through the Income Tax Act; technical support in the form of South African National Standards (SANS); assurance through the accreditation of energy efficiency Measurement and Verification (M&V) Bodies by the South African National Accreditation System (SANAS); and jurisdiction through the South African National Electricity Development Institute (SANEDI).
3.The Income Tax Act of 1962
The South African Income Tax Act of 1962 has offered tax incentives since 2009 using section 12i, the Industrial Policy Project Investment incentive for manufacturing-related projects with a 10% energy demand reduction component . More recently the proposed 12L ‘Regulations on the allowance for energy efficiency savings’ has been released for public comment by 15 November 2011 and the date for promulgation of the Regulation is still to be announced by the Minister of the Department of Energy (DoE). In terms of these tax allowances, industry will be entitled to claim a deduction for substantiated energy efficiency savings.
The proposed regulation for 12L sets out the process for determining the quantum of energy efficiency savings, and requirements for claiming the proposed tax deduction, which stipulates a prerequisite that energy savings reports have to be compiled by SANAS accredited Measurement and Verification (M&V) Bodies and the savings certified by SANEDI. One of the requirements for an M&V Body to be accredited by SANAS is to have a Registered M&V Professional employed. As from 1 January 2012, SANAS accreditation will also be a prerequisite pertaining to the 12i incentives.
Section 12i incentives are specifically for manufacturing-related projects which includes the energy efficiency component and the incentive is claimable until 2015. Section 12L incentives include all energy efficiency projects that reduce energy use and is claimable until 2020. It is important to note that the tax incentive is available for savings in all energy forms and not only electricity. Under 12i, projects that have already received incentives or grants under other types of schemes will be excluded and such projects need to be ring-fenced and taken out of the equation when calculating and reporting savings for the tax claim. This provision has not been included into 12L but opinions indicate that such may happen.
INCOME TAX ACT INCENTIVES AT A GLANCE
12I is an income tax-based Industrial Policy Project Investment incentive, introduced in the 2008 Revenue Laws Amendment Act No. 60 of 2008 and gazetted in July 2010. All green- and brownfields projects need to be manufacturing-related and 12i includes energy efficiency components where projects must result in a minimum of 10% energy demand reduction in a year that the investment is realised. Incentives are available for 5 years from 2008.
12L is the Regulation on the allowance for energy efficiency savings under section 19 of the National Energy Act, 2008, read with section 12L of the Income Tax Act of 1962. This Regulation has been published for public comment and the Department of Energy still has to determine the date of implementation. Incentives are available till 2020.
4.Stakeholders in the energy efficiency tax claiming process
It is important to become familiar with the stakeholders involved in regulating and controlling the system to ensure accuracy, credibility and transparency, as well as understanding the requirements by each within the tax claiming process.
STAKEHOLDERS AT A GLANCE
SANEDI: Evaluate M&V Professional’s energy savings reports and issue tax certificates to organisations for submission to SARS to claim section 12i and 12L tax incentives.
SANAS: Accreditation of M&V Bodies
CMVPSA: A council established to protect the interests of all M&V stakeholders by regulating and registering its M&V Professionals whom perform measurement and verification under the auspices of accredited M&V Bodies.
SARS: Financial incentive provider.
4.1The South African National Accreditation System (SANAS)
SANAS was tasked by government to create an infrastructure in order to accredit M&V Bodies for the purpose of 12L tax incentives. SANAS is the 9th largest accreditation body in the world and its technical structures are internationally recognised.
Accreditation is increasingly being used by regulators as part of managing regulatory risk, to ensure both the competence and consistency of outcomes of service providers used in the regulatory domain.
Mpho Phaloane, Senior Manager Mechanical and Physical at SANAS says that, “Government needs complete confidence in the savings results presented through 12L, and assurance that the incentives can be granted without fear of subjectivity or conflict of interest, and SANAS, as the national accreditation body of South Africa, has the infrastructure to independently confirm competence of M&V Bodies.” Bodies wishing to register for accreditation with SANAS to perform independent M&V of energy savings for energy efficiency tax incentives have to comply with ISO 17 020 for inspection management and SANS 50 010 for performing M&V. Details as to the SANAS requirements are available from the website http://www.sanas.co.za.
TITLE: Mpho Phaloane, SANAS
The SANAS application and assessment process of M&V Bodies involves the evaluation of staff technical competency which in this instance includes the Registered M&V Professional, validity and appropriateness of methods, traceability of measurements to national standards, suitability, calibration and maintenance of equipment, quality assurance processes, amongst others.
The SANAS requirement protects participating Accredited M&V Bodies, assists in good business management whilst ensuring sustainability of the Accredited M&V Body. Further, these controls will establish a viable M&V market, introduce job opportunities and augment local skills development.
4.2The Council of Measurement and Verification Professionals of South Africa (CMVPSA)
To ensure that M&V services and service providers are credible, trustworthy and transparent an independent Professional Body was established in the form of the Council of Measurement and Verification Professionals of South Africa (CMVPSA), a chapter of the Southern African Association for Energy Efficiency (SAEE). Karel Steyn, Board Member of the CMVPSA says, “It is important that an independent body exists to protect the interests of all M&V stakeholders and the CMVPSA was established two years ago to take on the responsibility of registering and governing M&V Professionals in South Africa.” SANAS accredits the M&V Bodies, whereas CMVPSA takes responsibility for the technical competency through registering qualified and suitably trained M&V Professionals, whom perform the measurement and verification for the energy saving reports under the auspices of an Accredited M&V Body.
CAPTION: Karel Steyn, CMVPSA
As the nature of claiming incentives for energy savings depicts that a claim is made for a measured void, or a measure which does not exist anymore, internationally accepted methodologies are applied to ensure accuracy. These methodologies are locally standardised through SANS 50 010, the “Measurement and verification of energy savings” standard, and is a prerequisite for claiming tax incentives. M&V Professionals base their energy savings reports on SANS 50 010 and are required to be qualified to local and therefore international M&V competencies.
CMVPSA only considers application for registration from Certified Measurement & Verification Professionals (CMVPs) that have the required experiential background, fulfil the academic requirements and registration is only effected after completing the mandated course and examination on “Fundamentals of energy metering, data handling, legislation and policies in the South African content and relevancy”. More details are available from the CMVPSA website http://www.cmvpsa.org.za.
4.3The South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI)
SANEDI was established in terms of section 7 of the National Energy Act of 2008 (Act No. 34). It is the organisation currently tasked with the responsibility of adjudicating, evaluating and supporting 12i projects to the Minister for the Industrial Policy Project Investment incentive. SANEDI is set to undertake a similar task for the 12L incentives according to the regulation published for comment. Adjudication of the 12L tax incentive claims will be based on the reports compiled by registered M&V Professionals and SANAS accredit M&V Bodies to ensure accurate and transparent claims in alignment to SANS 50 010.
The evaluation of M&V reports will be undertaken by specialist committees as appointed by SANEDI according to the requirements specified in the Regulation, issued for comment. The documentation to accompany tax returns of organisations will be kept and maintained within SANEDI, whom is tasked to manage a database for SARS and the Minister of Finance of all reports and certificates issued. Energy savings certificates will be issued by SANEDI with a unique traceable number.
Organisations wishing to claim incentives are therefore required to appoint an M&V Professional whom forms part of a SANAS accredited body as part of the requirements of the Regulation and register its intent with SANEDI in respect of any energy efficiency savings measure for which the allowance is to be claimed.
5.Benefits of meticulous Measurement and Verification (M&V)
The cornerstone of any energy efficiency claim lies in the proper measurements that are taken within the context of an internationally tried and tested standard like SANS 50 010 and then correlated and verified against a suitable baseline by an accredited body so that confirmed competence and conformity is ensured. In a nutshell, this underscores the importance of effective M&V, but what should also be taken into account are the additional benefits that such a system provides to an organisation.
Not only are energy savings quantified and assessed, but various other impacts on the energy use are identified which allows scope for even more energy savings. Future focus areas for energy efficiency activities are identified as well as potential problems in the project or programme implementation, before the project even commences. This assists with proper and complete initial implementation thereby optimising any investment made and enabling maximum results to claim the maximum rebates, in addition to the lower energy bill. Overall design, operation and maintenance of a manufacturing process are improved, as those involved know that the savings will be quantified by an independent party, and users become educated about the system and process’ energy impact. Besides managing risks for shareholders and stakeholders in the business, it will encourage further investment into optimised manufacturing as the impact of an energy efficiency project or programme can be evaluated against pre-set targets. When done by an Accredited M&V Body, credibility is improved as impartial stakeholders are involved.
6.Preparing for energy efficiency tax incentives
Identifying projects that might be viable for tax incentives is a good starting point. Sign-on or contract with your potential SANAS Accredited M&V body, who has a Registered M&V Professional employed, as soon as possible because a shortage of these may develop. However, ensure that your project is large enough to make the M&V process and tax incentive financially viable.
Remember, not only large full-scale electrical projects qualify, projects like lighting only, or the insulation of certain buildings on your premises, a major upgrade of airconditioning systems, or drives, even reduced use of fossil fuels like coal and diesel because an implemented energy efficiency measure, will qualify.
6.1Organisations wishing to claim tax incentives
The Regulation released for comment stipulates that organisations wishing to claim energy efficiency tax incentives according to the 12L Regulation should take the following steps:
- Formally appoint an M&V Professional whom is part of a SANAS Accredited M&V Body. Registered Certified M&V Professionals are listed on the CMVPSA website at www.cmvpsa.org.za with the SANAS Accredited M&V Bodies listed on the SANAS website at www.sanas.co.za.
- Register with SANEDI for energy efficiency tax allowance claims at www.saneri.co.za supplying your, and the SANAS Accredited M&V Body’s details.
- Task the M&V Professional to compile an M&V plan and baseline report in accordance with SANS 50 010 for the energy efficiency savings.
- Submit the M&V Professional’s M&V plan and baseline report to SANEDI at the beginning of the financial year for which you want to claim the tax incentive.
- SANEDI will furnish you with the approval for continuance.
- On the successful completion of the tax incentive approval process SANEDI will issue a formal energy savings certificate.
- Submit the certificate to the South African Revenue Service (SARS) together with the claim for the tax allowance as part of the customary tax returns.
It should be noted that the 12L Regulation is out for comment and some of the procedures mentioned might change once finalised.
6.2Current M&V service providers and M&V Professionals
Current M&V service providers and M&V Professionals wishing to become eligible for participation in preparing reports for organisations to submit energy efficiency tax claims to SANEDI should take the following steps:
- M&V Professionals who wish to be registered under the auspices of an Accredited M&V Body should apply to the CMVPSA to start the process of evaluation and registration at www.cmvpsa.org.za
- M&V service providers wishing to become M&V Bodies should apply to SANAS for accreditation at www.sanas.co.za.
6.3M&V as a new career path
It is anticipated that a variation of types of M&V Professionals and Bodies will be essential in future, with a healthy mix of qualification levels and experiential requirements. From Registered Certified M&V Professionals regulated and governed by the CMVPSA to industry specialists for specific technologies, energy sources, and market sectors. The scope ranges from measurement and verification of specialised projects like building insulation, lighting, pumping, control systems, etc . for a range of technologies in the industrial, residential, commercial and transportation sectors, as well as the array of energy sources like liquid fuel, fossil fuel, renewables, bio-fuel, etc. SANAS provides allowance for Accredited M&V Bodies to sub-contract specialised services, or additional resources and expertise, to perform measurement and verification obligations, with the condition that the sub-contractor’s competence can be verified and demonstrated.
Knowledge on M&V and energy efficiency in general, on all levels, will become more sought after throughout industry and therefore holds good opportunities for those interested.
Prof LJ Grobler, President of the SAEE says, “A thorough understanding of energy efficiency principles are required to perform M&V that can be substantiated. Persons whom are equipped with sound knowledge of M&V provide assurance to the client using the person’s service that maximum possible savings can be established to a degree of accuracy, as they are found on tried-and-trusted principles. This therefore creates a sound basis for development and huge opportunities for technically minded people wanting to enter into the energy efficiency fields.”
INSERT CAPTION: Prof LJ Grobler, SAEE
Persons wishing to enter the M&V sector through the CMVPSA have to comply with the minimum academic and experiential requirements and embark on energy management and M&V training to achieve the qualifications required for technical competence. Training is provided by the SAEE and the American Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) in conjunction with the Energy Training Foundation (ETF).
Registration with CMVPSA is conditional to the successful completion of the prescribed course and examination on the “Fundamentals of energy metering, data handling, legislation and policies in the South African content and relevancy”. Registration with CMVPSA is also subject to evaluation of practical M&V experience.
Registered M&V Professionals are regulated through the CMVPSA to ensure credible service provision and the protection of all stakeholders in M&V projects and initiatives.
To effectively apply the benefits of energy efficiency tax incentives within organisations, the core competence lies with the effective use of M&V and understanding the requirements of the Regulation.
National Energy Act 2008, section 9 (Act no. 34 of 2008), “Regulations on the allowance for energy efficiency savings”, released on 16 September 2011 for public comment by 15 November 2011, Government Gazette no 34596 – read with the Income Tax Act of 1962 (Act no. 58 of 1962), section 12L.
 Income tax-based Industrial Policy Project investment incentive, introduced in the 2008 Revenue Laws Amendment Act (Act no. 60 of 2008), promulgated as section 12i of the Income Tax Act of 1962 on 8 January 2009.
 Bredenkamp, B. “Tax-based incentives for manufacturing”, published on-line by the NEEA, a division of SANEDI, established in terms of section 7 of the National Energy Act, Department of Energy.
 Radloff, G. “Energy tax breaks”, Simply Green Magazine, September/October 2011, published by Chris Erasmus.
 ISO 17 020:1998, “General criteria for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection”.
 SANS 50 010:2011, “The measurement and verification of energy savings”, founded on international best practice and is based on the International Performance and Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP).
 SANAS TR81-01, “Technical requirements for the application of SANS/ISO/IEC 17 020:1998 in the assessment of inspection bodies’ application of SANS 50 010:2011 Measurement and Verification of energy savings”.
AEE – US-based Association of Energy Engineers
CEM – Certified Energy Manager
ETF – Energy Training Foundation
CMVP – Certified Measurement and Verification Professional
CMVPSA – Council of Measurement and Verification Professionals of South Africa
DoE – Department of Energy
IPAP – Industrial Policy Action Plan
IPMVP – International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol
M&V – Measurement and Verification
SAEE – Southern African Association for Energy Efficiency
SANAS – South African National Accreditation System
SANEDI – South African National Energy Development Institute
SANS – South African National Standard
SARS – South African Revenue Service